English - Klett, Thematischer Grund und Aufbauwortschatz; 3. Semester Kapitel 19 19.6-19.7

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area

industrial area
Let`s go shopping in town tomorrow.

go/drive (in) to town
city centre (BE); downtown (AE)

suburb

Today more people live in the suburbs than in the city centre.
         
crowded

About seven million people live in the Greater London area.

inhabitant
settle

After years of moving from town to town we finally settled in a village near Oxford.
Many people can`t stand the noise of traffic in the city centre.

It`s terribly noisy in town during the rush hour.
         
ugly

What`s so attractive about big cities? The architecture is ugly and the streets and houses are dirty!
There`s a street market in town in Friday.

market day / square
Regent`s and Hyde Park are the largest public parks in London.

Many people today prefer living in the country to living in town.
         
village (BE); small town (AE)

The locals always meet in the village pub.
urban

There`s more traffic in urban areas than in rural areas.
rural

populated

a densely populated area
         
resident

In summer, there are more tourists in Broadstairs than residents.
avenue

alley
outskirts

Millions of people live on the outskirts of large towns and work in the city centres.
         
sanitation

public convenience
countryside

The hilly countryside around York is just lovely.
landscape

We spend a lot of time outdoors in summer.

footpath
         
ecology

ecological

natural
environment

How can we better protect our natural environment from pollution?
protect (from)

destroy

destruction
         
disappear

Many kinds of plants and animals have disappeared forever.
pollute

Worldwide, many rivers and lakes have been heavily polluted with industrial waste.
pollution

noise pollution
         
cause

Cars cause a large part of the pollution of the air an the soil.
poison

smog

Smog consists of fog, smoke and gases from factories and cars.
harm

Pollution from power stations does trees a lot of harm.
         
danger

Heavy traffic is a danger to the environment.
threaten

Noise threatens our healts as much as smog does.
household/industrial/nueclear waste

Don`t waste energy by leaving the heating on all night.
         
rubbish (BE); garbage/trash (AE)

wase paper
recycle

It`s now possible to recycle many industrial products.
In many countries, the ecology movement is called the "green movement".

Today, more use is being made of alternative forms of energy to solve our ecology problems.
         
environmental awareness

environmentally friendly

environmentalist

ecosystem
adapt

Plants and animals have always adapted to their natural surroundings.
natural surroundings

Britain used to be rich in natural resources.
         
The conservation of our coal and oil resources is becoming more and more important.

Many people are concernde about the survival of wildlife.
sustainable

sustainable development
ray

radiation

radioactive waste
         
ultraviolet light/radiation

We are being exposed to more and more ultraviolet radiation because of a hole in the ozone layer.
ozone layer

The hole in the ozone layer is getting bigger and bigger.

cycle
oxygen (O)

hydrogen (H)
         
greenhouse effect
The polar ice caps are expected to melt due to global warming.

Many water reservoirs may dry up because of long droughts.
Planes and lorries emit tremendous amounts of pollutants.

zero emission vehicle (ZEV)
         
pollutant

exhaust fumes

Acid rain destroys trees and forests.

oil slick
conserve energy

renewable sources of energy

raw sewage

Many mountain tops are covered with litter from tourists.
dispose of sth

disposal
         
waste disposal

waste disposal site

rubbish/waste collection
dustman

sanitation worker/garbage collector
dump

Dumping prohibited!

rubbish dump
         
biodegradable

waste separation

reusable
affect

We risk losing our drinking water through pollution from dumps.

Nature is at risk.
hazardous

The prevention of waste ought to be a principal goal for industry and for private households.
         
By reducing waste we can save money and protect the environment at the same time.

waste reduction

packaging
returnable bottle

non-returnable bottle

bottle bank

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