ACT

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BASIC CLASSES OF AIRCRAFT





BASIC COMPONENTS OF AIRCRAFT

FUSELAGE

WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE OF MONOCOQUE AND SEMI MONOCOQUE AND WHICH ONE IS MOST USED?
         





WING STRUCTURE



LANDING GEAR



POWERPLANT

ENGINE AND PROPELLER
         


PRIMARY FLIGHT CONTROLS

Ailerons and Elevator
PRIMARY FLIGHT CONTROLS

Rudder

Nose Wheel / Tail Wheel steering


Brakes




RUDDER/BRAKE PEDALS
         



PRIMARY FLIGHT CONTROLS

Ailerons




PRIMARY FLIGHT CONTROLS

Rudder



PRIMARY FLIGHT CONTROLS

Adverse Yaw
         


PRIMARY FLIGHT CONTROL

Elevator



PRIMARY FLIGHT CONTROLS

Stabilator



PRIMARY FLIGHT CONTROLS

Control Lock (Gust Lock)
         


SECONDARY FLIGHT CONTROLS

Elevator Trim

SECONDARY FLIGHT CONTROLS

Flaps


SECONDARY FLIGHT CONTROLS

Slats
         
SECONDARY FLIGHT CONTROLS

Spoilers




CENTER OF GRAVITY





TRIM TAB
         





FLAP PROBLEMS




PROBLEMS WITH SLATS OR LEADING EDGE FLAPS




SECONDARY FLIGHT CONTROLS

AIR BRAKES
         



DEFINITION AND FUNCTION OF BASIC COMPONENTS OF AIRCRAFT




WHAT IS A BOX TRUSS?

WHAT ARE THE DESIGNATION OF THE AXIS?

WHAT ARE THE DESCRIPTIONS OF MOVEMENT?

WHICH FIX SURFACES DO AN AC HAVE?

NAME THE MOVING SURFACES!
         
WHEN TURNING CONTROL WHEEL TO THE RIGHT, LEFT AILERON MOVES....AND LEFT WING MOVES...?

WHEN PULLING THE CONTROL WHEEL BACK, ELEVATOR MOVES...AND THE NOSE OF THE AC MOVES...?

WHEN PRESSING RIGHT RUDDER PEDAL, RUDDER MOVES TO THE...AND NOSE OF AC TO THE...?




COUPLED AILERONS AND RUDDER




TYPE OF FLAPS
         

LANDING GEAR

Shock Absorbers

LANGING GEAR

Disk Brakes

LANDING GEAR

Steerable front or tail wheel
         


RETRACTABLE LANDING GEAR



LANDING GEAR

Gear System Safety

GEAR SAFETY SYSTEM


LANDING WEIGHT LIMITATIONS FOR LANDING GEAR
         




LIST THE DIFFERENTS EMERGENCY GEAR EXTENSION SYSTEMS!



WHAT DO YOU HAVE TO EXPECT, IF LANDING GEARS CAN NOT BE EXTENDED



WHAT ARE THE REQUIREMENTS OF A GOOD ENGINE DESIGN?
         




HOW ARE THE CONDITIONS OF THE PERFORMANCE OF AN ENGINE ON HIGH ALTITUDE



WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN A TURBOJET AND A TURBOFAN ENGINE




WHAT IS A BYPASS RATIO AND WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN HIGH BYPASS AND LOWER BYPASS RATIO?
         



WHICH PART OF THE ENGINE CREATES THE MOST POWER FOR AN AIRCRAFT WITH TURBOPROB ENGINES?
TURBOPROP ENGINES



WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN A SINGLE SHAFT TURBINe OR A FREE TURBINE?




WHAT DOES THRUST REVERSAL MEAN?

ALSO CALLED REVERS THRUST
         


PISTON ENGINES INDUCTION SYSTEM

AIR INTAKE SYSTEM


PISTON ENGINES INDUCTION SYSTEM

FUEL SYSTEM


FUEL CONTROL SYSTEMS

CARBURETTOR
         


FUEL CONTROL SYSTEM

CARBURRETOR 2





WHAT IS CARBURRETTOR ICE?




FUEL CONTROL SYSTEM

FUEL INJECTION
         


FUEL CONTROL SYSTEM

POWER SETTING AND MIXTURE CONTROL





WHAT IS CARBURRETTOR ICE?




EMERGENCY SITUATION WITH FUEL PROBLEMS - CRITICAL FUEL STATUS

WHAT MAY RESULT AND WHAT DO YOU HAVE TO EXPECT?
         




WHAT IS THE TURBOCHARGER?




WHAT IS A DUAL IGNITION SYSTEM?



WHAT ARE THE FUNCTIONS OF THE ENGINE OIL SYSTEM?
         

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM


ALTERNATOR

BATTERY
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM

AMMETER


MASTER SWITCH




ELECTRICAL SYSTEM

EMERGENCY POWER
         



EMERGENCY SITUATION WITH ENGINE FAILURE



EMERGENCY SITUATION WITH ELECTRICAL PROBLEMS




BIRDSTRIKE
         




WHAT THE PRINCIPLE OF A PROPELLER


WHICH MATERIALS CONSITS A PROPELLER AND HOW IS IT ATTACHED TO THE AIRCRAFT



FIXED PITCHPROPELLER

PITCH ANGLE OF BLADES
         

PROPELLER

ADJUSTABLE PITCH PROPELLER



PROPELLER

ADJUSTABLE PITCH PROPELLER ON TURBOPROP AIRCRAFT


PROPELLER

THRUST VECTOR
         


PROPELLER

CRITICAL ENGINE



WHAT IS THE STANDARD LAYOUT OF FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS


WHAT IS THE PITOT STATIC SYSTEM AND WHICH INSTRUMENTS ARE CONNECTED TO THEM?
         




HOW DOES AN AIRSPEED INDICATOR WORK?



WHAT DO THE DIFFERENT INDICATIONS MEAN ON THE AIRSPEED INDICATOR?




WHICH INDICATIONS ARE NOT MARKED ON A LIGHT AIRCRAFT
         




HOW DOES AN ALTIMETER WORK?




HOW DOES A VERTICAL SPEED INDICATOR (VARIOMETER) WORK?

VSI




WHICH INSTRUMENTS USE GYROSCOPIC EFFECT?
         




WHICH PITOT STATIC INSTRUMENT IS LINKED TO TWO PRESSURE PORTS?

Static and Dynamic pressure




WHAT INSTRUMENTS ARE AFFECTED BY A BLOCKED STATIC PRESSURE SYSTEM?





WHAT INSTRUMENTS ARE AFFECTED BY A BLOCKED PITOT PRESSURE SYSTEM?
         





WHICH INSTRUMENT IS LINKED TO THE STATIC PRESSURE PORT ONLY?




WHICH INSTRUMENTS ARE DRIVEN BY ELECTRICAL POWER AND WHICH BY A VACUUM SUCTION SYSTEM?




WHAT DOES AN ATTITUDE INDICATOR (ARTIFICIAL HORIZON) SHOW?
         



WHAT DOES AN HEADING INDICATOR SHOW?




WHAT DOES A TURN COORDINATOR SHOW?




MAGNETIC COMPASS
         




OXYGEN SYSTEM


OXIGEN SYSTEM

EU OPS (EUROPEAN REGULATIONS FOR COMMERCIAL TRANSPORT) REQUIREMENT

AVAILABILITY OF OXYGEN SUPPLY ON NON-PRESSURIZED AC




ECS (Environmental Control System)
         




CABIN PRESSURISATION




WHAT DOES THE BLEED AIR SYSTEM CONTROL?



CABIN PRESSURISATION

AIR CONDITION
         



CABINE PRESSURISATION

AIR CONDITION (2)




WHICH PARTS ARE PRESSURISED




LOSS OF CABINE PRESSURE
         



EMERGENCY SITUATIONS WITH PRESSURATION PROBLEMS




EMERGENCY SITUATIONS WITH EMERGENCY DESCENT



AIRFRAME ICING
         



ICE CRITICAL AREAS



WHAT IS ANTI-ICE SYSTEM?




WHAT IS A DE-ICE SYSTEM
         




WHAT EFFEC HAS THE PROTECTION OF ICING IN AIRCRAFTS PERFORMANCE



WHAT IS AN AUXILIARY POWER UNIT APU?




HOW MANY PARTS DOES THE HYDRO-MECHANICAL FLIGHT CONTROL HAVE?
         



WHAT IS THE FLY-BY-WIRE SYSTEM?



HOW IS THE HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT?




PILOTS ARE WARNED ABOUT SYSTEM STATUS CHANGES OR FAILURES BY?
         


IN WHICH 3 SUBSYSTEMS IS THE FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEM SUBDIVIDED?



SMOKE DETECTION AND EVACUATION SYSTEM




FIRE PROTECTION AND WARNING SYSTEM
         




THE FIRE EXTINGUISHING SYSTEM


WHAT DO YOU HAVE TO EXPECT IN AN EMERGENCY SITUATION WITH ENGINE ON FIRE OR APU ON FIRE?



SMOKE OR FIRE IN THE COCKPIT OR CABIN
         




WHERE DO THE CIVIL AC/MILITARY AC HAVE PRIORITY AND WHAT HAS TO BE DONE IN CASE OF A CONFLICT?
WHAT DOES

AUP
CRAM
RAD

MEAN?

WHICH ATC UNIT IS RESPONSIBLE FOR CDRs?





WHATS THE PHRASEOLOGY FOR THE TOWERCHECK?
         




WHAT IS A TACAN?
RNAV


WHAT GROUND BASED NAVAIDS TO EXIST?



LIST THE 3 METHODS OF APPLICATION OF ABAS!
         



WHAT KIND OF SATELLITES ARE USED BY A SBAS TO BROADCAST AUGMENTATION INFO TO THE GNSS RECEIVERS?



WHAT IS WAAS AND HOW DOES IT WORK?



SBAS CAN IMPROVE THE ACCURACY OF GPS POSITION FROM ABOUT 10 METRES TO LESS TAHN 3 METRES.

TRUE OR FALSE?
         




WHAT DOES EGNOS MEAN AND HOW IT WORKS?



EGNOS PROVIDES POSITION INFO FOR GNSS RECEIVERS INDEPENDENT FROM GPS.

TRUE OR FALSE



EXPLAIN IN YOUR OWN WORD HOW A SBAS WORKS!
         

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