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UNITS AND INSTRUMENTS USED FOR:

1. TEMPERATURE
2. PRESSURE
3. VISIBILITY
4. CLOUD HEIGHT
5. CLOUD AMOUNT
6. WIND SPEED
7. WIND DIRECTION
8. RELATIVE HUMIDITY




HOW MUCH IS THE RATIO OF GASES IN THE ATMOSPHERE BELOW 50KM?




HOW MUCH IS THE TEMPERATURE OF THE TROPOPAUSE?
         




HOW MUCH IS THE ALTITUDE OF THE TROPOPAUSE?




WHAT ARE THE UNITS OF FORCE, PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE?




DEFINITION OF DENSITY?
         




HOW MUCH IS THE DENSITY OF DRY AIR AT MEAN SEA LEVEL?




HOW IS THE FORMULA OF DENSITY?


TEMPERATURE RISES, PRESSURE IS CONSTANT

HOW IS THE VOLUME AND DENSITY?
         


LAPSE RATE



RATE OF CHANGE OF PRESSURE


1. AS PRESSURE DECREASES


2. AS TEMPERATURE DECREASES

DENISTY....?




IS HUMID AIR MORE OR LESS DENSE?
         




BY WHICH 4 FACTORS IS DENSITY AFFECTED?




HOW IS THE PERFORMANCE OF AN AIRCRAFT AT LOW/HIGH LEVEL?




HOW CAN A LOW DENSITY EFFECT AN AIRPLANE ON AN AIRPORT?
         





WHY WE NEED A STANDARD ATMOSPHERE?





STATE THE ICAO STANDARD ATMOSPHERE!




DEFINITION OF AN AIRMASS
         




WHAT ARE THE IMPORTANT QUALITIES OF AN AIRMASS?




DUE TO WHAT DEVELOP CIRCULATION CELSS IN THE ATMOSPHERE?




WHAT DOES THE ROTATION OF THE EARTH CAUSE?
         




HOW IS THE WIND IN THE NORTHERN HEMISPHERE?




WHICH AIRMASSES DO WE HAVE DURING SUMMER/WINTER IN EUROPE?




HOW IS THE AIR GENERALLY MOVING FROM THE POLES TO THE EQUATOR?
         


HOW ARE THE SURFACE WINDS IN THE NORTHERN HEMISPHERE AND WY?



AND HOW IS THE WIND ALOFT?




WHAT ARE THE NAMES OF THE 3 CIRCULATION CELLS?




DEFINITION OF A FRONT
         

DEFINITION OF A

WARM FRONT

COLD FRONT

OCCLUDED FRONT

STATIONARY FRONT

HOW IS A WARM/COLD FRONT?

CLOUDS?

LENGTH?





WHATS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN STABEL AND UNSTABLE AIR MASS?
         




DRAW A COLD OCCLUSION!




DRAW A WARM OCCLUSION!




WHAT IS A RADIATION?
         




WHAT IS A CONVECTION?





WHAT IS A CONVECTION?





WHAT IS ADVECTION?
         




FROM WHICH FACTORS ARE LOCAL TEMPEARTURES INFLUENCED?




When is the min/max temperaure in the day reached?





WHAT IS AN ISOTHERMAL LAYER
         





WHAT IS AN INVERSION?




HOW DOES THE MOISTURE AFFECT AVIAITON?




STATE THE NAMES OF CHANGES OF AGGREGATION OF WATER!
         





IS WATER VAPOUR AS A GAS LIGHTER OR HEAVIER THAN AIR?





WHAT IS HUMIDITY?





WHAT IS SATURATED AIR?
         





WHAT IS RELATIVE HUMIDITY?




WHAT IS DEW POIONT?





WHAT HAPPENS WHEN THE TEMPERATURE IS THE SAME AS DEW POINT?
         





DEFINITION OF VISIBILITY




ON WHICH FACTORS DEPENDS VISIBILITY?





WHAT IS SURFACE VISIBILITY?
         




WHAT IS SLANT VISIBILITY?





WICH VISIBILITY IS IN METAR REPORTED



IN WHICH STEPS IS VISIBILITY IN METAR REPORTED?
         




WHAT IS FOG?





WHAT IS SMOG?


WHAT IS MIST?


WHAT IS HAZE?
         





WHEN IS VV IN METAR REPORTED?
DECODE



R14 /M0050U / 0375N / P1500
WHAT TO THE FOLLOWING LETTERS STAND FOR?

N

U

D

V
         




WHEN IS RVR REPORTED?




HOW ARE THE REPORTING STEPS OF RVR?





DEFINITION OF CLOUD
         





WHAT IS A WATER VAPOUR?




WHAT DOES CONDENSTION MEAN?



WHAT DOES CONDENSATION OCCUR MORE EASILY?
         




WHAT DOES DALR/SALR/ELR MEAN?





WHAT IS CONDENSATION LEVEL





WHEN IS AN AIR UNSTABLE/STABLE/CONDITIONALLY UNSTABLE
         


STATE ALL THE CLOUDS WIHT THEIR HEIGHTS




WHAT IS A CLOUD BASE/CLOUD CEILING




WHEN YOU MIGHT SEE A MAMMATUS OR A ALTOCUMULUS LENTICULARIS?
         




DEFINITION OF PRECIPITATION





WHAT DOES COALESCENCE MEAN?





WHAT IS THE BERERON FINDEISEN PROCESS?
         
WHAT IS

DRIZZLE

RAIN

SHOWER

FREEZING RAIN

HAIL





WHICH CUMULUS CLOUD IS THE MOST DANGEROUS?





WHAT IS THE PRESSURE GRADIENT FORCE?
         




WHAT IS A GEOSTROPHIC BALANCE?




IN WHICH 3 GROUPS CAN MESOSCALE/MICROSCALE SYSTEMS CLASSIFIED?




WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN SEA AND LAND BREEZE?
         




WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ANABATIC AND KATABATIC WINDS?




HOW FREQUENTLY ARE METAR OR SPECI REPORTED




WHAT ARE OROGRAPHIC WINDS?
         





WHAT IS A CHANNELED WIND?





WHAT IS A FOEHN?





WHAT IS A JETSTREAM WIND?
         



WHICH JETSTREAMS DO EXIST AND WHICH IS THE MOST IMPORTANT FOR EUROPEAN TRAFFIC?



HOW CAN PRESSURE BE MEASURED



WHAT IS AN ANEROID BAROMETER WITH THE SCALE CALIBRATED TO READ VERTICAL DISTANCE CALLED?
         

WHAT IS QNE?




WHAT IS QFE?


WHAT IS QFF?



WHAT IS QNH?



WHEN THE AIR PRESSURE ACTING ON THE ALTIMETRE REDUCES THE INDICATED ALTITUDE IS...?
         




WHEN LOWER PRESSURE IS SET ON THE SUBSCALE THE ALTIMETRE WILL INDICATE...?

An aircraft climbing from an airport to cruise at a level above the TA will set the subscal of the alitmetre Q.... passing the Transition......?


AN AIRCRAFT DESCENDING FROM A FLIGHT LEVEL TO CRUISE AT A LEVEL BELOW THE TL WILL SET THE SUBSCALE OF THE ALITMETRE TO Q... PASSING THE TRANSITION....
         
INDICATION 5000FT

IF QNH IS 1020, THE ALTITUDE WILL BE ?


IF QNH IS 1003, THE ALTITUDE WILL BE?
DEFINITION OF

HIGHT

ELEVATION

ALTITUDE
DEFINITION OF

TL

TRANSITION LAYER

TA
         


TL = 5000FT

QNH = 1013

TL = ?


TL = 5000FT

QNH = 1003

TL = ?
DEFINITIONS OF

ISOBAR

ISOHYPSE

ISOTACH

ISOTHERM
         
WHEN ARE

SURFACE CHARTS

UPPER AIR CHARTS

SIGWX CHARTS

ISSUED?



WHERE WILL YOU FIND THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE PROVISION OF METEOROLOGICAL INFORMATION TO AVIATION STATED?
WHAT DOES

WAFC
MWO
TCAC
VAAC

MEAN?
         
WHAT DOES

METAR
SPECI
TAF
AIRMET
SIGMET
GAMET MEAN?




WHAT SHALL AN MWO DO?



HOW FREQUENTLY IS METAR AND SPECI REPORTED?
         



ON WHAT DEPENDS ICING OF AN AIRFRAME?

HOW IS

CLEAR ICE?

RIME ICE?

MIXED ICE?




IS THE ICING MORE IN A THINNER OR THICKER WING COMMON?
         




WHAT IS HOAR FROST?



UNTIL WHAT TEMPERATURE CAN CARBURRETTOR ICING FORM?
EXPLANE THE ICING EFFECTS
-AERODYNAMIC
-WEIGHT AND VIBRATION
-INSTRUMENTS
-ENGINES
-CONTROL SURFACES
-EFFECT ON DESCENDING AIRCRAFT
-VISION
-COMMUNICATION
-UNDERCARRIAGE
         



ICAO DEFINE 3 LEVELS OF ICING

WHICH ARE THEY?



WHAT DOES A REPORT OF SEVERE ICING INDICATE?



IS ICING MORE LIKELY ON AC AERIAL OR AC NOSE?
         



DETAILS OF HAIL?




WHAT DOES CAT MEAN?



DO YOU KNOW THE TYPES AND CAUSES OF CAT?
         
WHAT IS WINDSHEAR?


WHAT IS SEVERE WINDSHEAR?




WHAT IS SO DANGEROUS BENEATH THUNDERSTORMS



WHATS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN NEGATIVE AND POSITIVE WINDSHEAR?
         




WHAT IS A MICROBURST

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