NAV 2

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WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF A NDB?




WHATS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN AN NDB AND AN ADF?



DESCRIBE THE FUNCTION OF AN ADF!
         




WHAT OTHER NAME IS USED FOR THE ADF?




IN WHICH FREQUENCY BAND IS NDB OPERATING?




WHY IT IS CALLED NDB?
         




WHAT IS THE RANGE OF AN NDB AND WHAT AFFECTS MOSTLY THE RANGE?




WHERE ARE NDB s LOCATED AND FOR WHICH FACILITIES ARE THEY USED?




ARE THE RANGES IN SEA AREAS OR LAND AREAS BIGGER, AND WHY?
         




WHAT CONSISTS THE ON BOARD EQUIPMENT OF NBD?




HOW DOES AN ADF DISPLAY LOOK LIKE?





WHAT DOES THE 000 INDICATION SHOW?
         




WHERE DOES THE ADF NEEDLE ALWAYS TURN?


WHAT DOES THE TERM RELATIVE BEARING MEAN?



HOW IS THIS TYPE OF DISPLAY ALSO KNOWN?




WHAT IS QDM?
         




HOW DOES THE PILOT CALCULATE HIS MAGNETIC COURSE TO AN NDB?




WHAT IS THE RELATIVE BEARING INDICATOR?



WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN AN RBI AND AN RMI?
         




WHAT IS AN ADF RMI?




WHAT IS AN MDI?




WHAT IS QDM, QDR, QTE?
         




HOW DO YOU FIND THE QDM?




HOW IS THE RANGE AND ACCURACY OF AN NDB AND ADF?




WHAT ARE THE OPERATIONAL ADVANTAGES OF NDB?
         




WHAT ARE THE DISADVANTAGES OF AN NDB?




WHAT ARE THE NDB ERROS (TECHNICAL DISADVANTAGES) OF AN NDB?
GIVEN:

QDM TO NDB BRAVO 358 DEGREES, VARIATION 6 DEGREES EAST


CALCULATE QTE OF THE AC FROM THE STATION
         
GIVEN:

CH: 110 DEGREES
VARIATION: 7 DEGREES W
DEVIATION 3 DEGREES E
RELATIVE BEARING TO NDB CHARLIE: 200 D


CALCULATE QDM TO CHARLIE!




WHAT IS A LOCATOR?
GIVEN:

QDR 340 FROM NDB FOXTROTT

RB TO FOXTROTT IS 200 DEGREES

WHAT IS THE AIRCRAFT S MAGNETIC HEADING?
         
GIVEN:

TH 200
VARIATION 24 E
RB 333 TO NDB

CALCULATE QTE, QDM, QDR




WHICH FREQUENCY BAND IS USED FOR VERY HIGH FREQUENCY DIRECTION FINDING?




WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN VDF AND NDB/ADF?
         




WHERE IS VDF USUALLY SITUATED?



FOR WHAT IS THE USE OF A VDF?




WAHT INFORMATION IS PASSED TO PILOTS USING VDF?
         




WHAT COCKPIT INSTRUMENT IS REQUIRED FOR VDF USE?




HOW IS THE USE OF EQUIPMENT OF VDF?




DOES A VDF SHOW THE DISTANCE TO THE STATION?
         




WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES OF VDF?




WHAT ARE THE DISADVANTAGES OF VDF?



IN WHICH FREQUENCY BAND ARE VOR OPERATING?
         


HOW IS THE PRINCIPLE OF OPERATION OF A VOR?




HOW IS THE TRANSITION OF A VOR?





HOW IS THE VOR COVERAGE?
         


WHAT IS A TVOR?


WHAT IS A DVOR?




WHAT IS THE CONE OF SILENCE OF A VOR?




HOW MUCH IS THE INCLINATION OF THE CONE OF SILENCE?

         




HOW MUCH IS THE EXTENSION OF THE RADIUS OF THE CONE OF SILENCE AT 20000 / 33000 FEET?



HOW MUCH DOES AN AIRCRAFT NEED TO OVERFLY THE CONE OF SILENCE FLYING AT FL 330 AT 460 KNOTS?



WHAT IS THE AIRBORNE EQUIPMENT NEEDED TO USE THE VOR SIGNALS?
         




IN WHICH DIRECTION DO THE REFERENCE SIGNAL AND THE VARIABLE SINGAL OF A VOR DIFFER BY 180 DEGREES?



WHAT IS THE PHASE DIFFERENCE OF THE REF AND VAR SIGNAL OF A VOR WHEN SHOWING TO THE NORTH, EASTH, WEST?




HOW IS THE USE OF THE CDI?
         




WHAT DOES THE DOTTED SCALE OF THE CDI MEAN?




ARE THE CDI DEVIATIONS RELATED TO THE AIRCRAFTS HEADING?


WHAT DOES THE FO/FROM FLAG INDICATOR SHOW?
         





WHAT DOEAS A CHANG FROM TO TO FROM MEAN?



A VOR RECEIVER RADIAL 090 IS SELECTED. THE INSTRUMENT SHOWS THE FROM INDICATION. WHAT DOES A 3 DOT LEFT INDICATION ON THE CDI INDICATE?



WHY DO PILOTS TEND TO REPORT OVERHEAD A VOR UP TO HALF A MINUTE BEFORE OR AFTER THE EXACT POSITION OF THE VOR SITE?
         




A VOR RECEIVER IS SET TO R 200. WHEN DOES THE TO/FROM INDICATION CHANGE?



A VOR CDI IS SET TO 040. THE INSTRUMENT SHOWS THE TO FLAG, THE CDI NEEDLE IS 3 DOTS TO THE LEFT. ON WHICH RADIAL IS THE AIRCRAFT?




DESCRIBE THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN A CDI AND A VOR RMI!
         




WHAT DOES A VOR RMI SHOW?




WHERE DOES A VOR RMI POINT TO?




MAGNETIC HEADING PLUS REALTIVE BEARING = QDM IS VALID FOR BOTH FOR NAVIGATION WITH ADF RMI AND VOR RMI.

TRUE OR FALSE?
         



A VOR CDI IS SET TO 040. THE INSTRUMENT SHOWS THE TO FLAG, THE CDI NEEDLE IS 3 DOTS TO THE LEFT. ON WHICH RADIAL IS THE AIRCRAFT?




WHAT IS A HORIZONTAL SITUATION INDICATOR (HSI)?




WHAT CAN A DIGITAL HSI SHOW ADDITIONALLY?
         




WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES OF VOR?




WHAT ARE THE DISADVANTAGES OF A VOR?



WHATE ARE THE RANGES OF TVOR AND EN-ROUTE VOR?

WHAT ABOUT THE ACCURACY?
         




WHAT IS THE MAIN DIFFERENCE OF DISTANCE MEASURING EQUIPMENT (DME) TO THE OTHER NAVIGATION AIDS?



HOW IS THE PRINCIPLE OF OPERATION OF DME?




HOW FAST DO EMW TRAVEL?
         




WHICH FREQUENCY BAND TO DME FREQUENCIES BELONG TO?




AN AIRCRAFT IS OVERHEAD A VOR/DME STATION AT FL310. WHAT IS THE DME INDICATION IN THE COCKPIT?




HOW IS A DME DESIGNATED?
         


WHAT IS A VOR/DME?


WHAT MEANS FREQUENCY PAIRING?



WHERE IS THE INTERROGATOR OF A DME LOCATED, WHERE THE TRANSPONDER?





WHAT ARE APPROXIMATE RANGE AND ACCURACY OF A DME?
         




WHAT IS SLANT RANGE?




WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN SLANT RANGE AND NATURAL RANGE?



WHAT IS THE ACTUAL RANGE AND THE SLANT RANGE WHEN THE AIRCRAFT IS OVERHEAD A DME?
         




HOW YOU CAN CALCULATE THE SLANT RANGE WHEN THE AIRCRAFT IS EXACTLY OVERHEAD A DME?

HOW MUCH IS THE SLANT RANGE WHEN THE AIRCRAFT IS 10 NM AWAY FROM THE DME AND AT FL 330, FL 250?


HOW MUCH IS THE SLANT RANGE WHEN THE AIRCRAFT IS 20 NM AWAY FROM THE DME AND AT FL 120, FL 240, FL 370?





WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES OF DME?
         




WHAT IS TACAN?

CAN A DME RECEIVER RECEIVE TACAN AND GET DISTANCE INFO?


CAN A VOR RECEIVE BEARING INFO FROM A TACAN?




WHAT IS VORTAC?
         




IS THE VORTAC USEABLE FOR CIVIL AIRCRAFT?




WHAT IS ILS?



HOW IS THE PRINCIPLE OF ILS?
         
WHAT IS A LOCALIZER?




WHAT IS A GLIDE PATH?



IN WHICH FREQUENCY BAND ARE LOCALIZER AND GLIDE PATH OPERATING?




HOW CAN THE PILOT TUNE TO BOTH LOCALIZER AND GLIDE PATH?
         

WHERE IS THE LOCALIZER PLACED ON THE GROUND AND WHAT IS THE GROUND EQUIPMENT?


WHERE IS THE GLIDE PATH PLACED ON THE GROUND?




WHAT MEANS OFFSET LOCALIZER?




EXPLAIN THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN LOCATOR AND LOCALIZER!
         



WHAT ARE MARKERS?




NAME THE 3 DIFFERENT MARKERS AND THEIR FEATURES?




WHAT IS THE AIRBORNE EQUIPMENT OF THE ILS?
         



AT WHICH DISTANCE BECOME LOCALIZER AND GLIDE PATH INDICATIONS EFFECTIVE?


ON FINAL APPROACH AT 4 NM DISTANCE TO THRESHOLD THE PILOT HAS TO CHECK THE CORRECT ALTITUDE ON THE ILS GLIDE PATH. THIS CHECK POSITION SHOWN ON ALL APPROACH CHARTS CAN BE DEFINED BY?




WHICH BAR ON THE ILS DISPLAY SHOWS THE LOCATOR AND WHICH THE GLIDE PATH?
         



WHICH BAR ON THE ILS DISPLAY SHOWS THE LOCATOR AND WHICH THE GLIDE PATH?


HOW IS THE FORMULA TO CALCULATE THE VERTICAL POSITIONING?

USING THE CALCULATION RULE, HOW MUCH IS THE HEIGHT OF AN AIRCRAFT OVER A OUTER MARKER (4NM), MIDDLE MARKER (0.5NM), LOCALIZER (20NM)?
         
EXAMPLE:

AERODROME ELEVATION 2400 FT
DISTANCE TO THRESHOLD 9 NM

HOW MUCH IS THE ALTITUDE OF THE AIRCRAFT AT 9NM?



AN 3 D ILS LEADS TO AN AIRPORT AT 1800 FT. THE OM IS SITUATED AT 4 NM FROM TOUCH-DOWN. WHAT IS THE CORRECT OM ALTITUDE?



NOTE THE RECOMMENDED MINIMA FOR THE DIFFERENT ILS CATEGORIES ACCORDING ICAO?
         



ARE THE ILS MINIMA WITH DECISION HEIGHT AND RVR COMPULSORY?



THE DECISION HEIGHT OF A CATEGORY 1 ILS IS DEFINED BY RADIO HEIGHT OR PRESSURE ALTITUDE.

TRUE OR WRONG?




THE DECISION HEIGHT OF CAT 2 ILS IS DEFINED BY RADIO HEIGHT ONLY.

TRUE OR WRONG?
         




WHAT ARE RADIO ALTIMETERS USED FOR?



UP TO HOW MANY FEET CAN RADIO ALTIMETERS PROVIDE CONTINIOUS INDICATION OF HEIGHT?




WHAT DOES DECISION HEIGHT MEAN?
         




HOW MUCH IS THE ACCURACY OF A RADIO ALTIMETER?




WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES OF RADIO ALTIMETERS?



IS IT POSSIBLE THAT A RADIO SHOWS 90 FT AT AN ILS CATEGORY 2 MINIMUM, FULLY ESTABLISHED ON THE GLIDE PATH?
         



AN AIRCRAFT INTERCEPTS THE 3 DEGREES ILS GLIDE PATH AT 5000 FT QNH AT A DISTANCE OF 9NM TO TOUCH DOWN POINT. CALCULATE THE AIRPORT ELEVATION!




WHAT IS THE PRINCIPLE OF OPERATION OF MLS?




WHAT IS TRSB?
         




WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ILS AND MLS?




WHAT MEANS TO-FRO SCANNING AND ELEVATION?




WHAT IS THE MLS RANGE?
         




IS IT POSSIBLE TO RECEIVE DISTANCE INFO WITH MLS?



WHAT IS MLS BACK AZIMUTH?




WHAT ARE THE OPERATIONAL DIFFERENCES BETWEEN ILS AND MLS?
         




WHAT IS INS?



WHAT IS THE PRINCIPLE OF OPERATION OF INS?



HOW MANY MINTUES NEEDS A GYRO STABILIZED INS PLATFORM FOR WARM UP (LEVELLING AND GYRO COMPASSING TO NORTH)
         




WHAT INFORMATION DOES INS PROVIDE?




WHAT IS THE BASIC PRINCIPLE OF INS?



AN EAST/WEST ACCELEROMETER MEASURES AN ACCELERATION DURING 5 SECONDS. WHICH FIGURE CAN BE CALCULATED WITH THIS INFO?
         




WHAT IS THE ADVANTAGE OF RING LASER GYROS AGAINST CONVENTIONAL INS GYRO PLATTFORMS?




WHAT IS THE PRINCIPLE OF OPARATION OF IRS?




WHAT ARE THE ADVATAGES OF INS?
         




WHAT ARE THE DISADVATAGES OF INS?




HOW ARE MODERN FMS USED WITH INS?




WHAT MEANS RNAV?
         




WHAT INFO DOES FMS PROVIDE?




WHAT IS CDU?




WHAT INCLUDES THE FMS DATA BASE?
         



WHAT ARE THE CONTENTS OF A NAVIGATION DATABASE?




WHAT ARE THE CONTENTS OF A NAVIGATION DATABASE? (2)



WHAT IS THE CONTEND OF PERFORMANCE DATABASE?
         

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