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WHICH INSTRUMENT USED ON TRANSOCEANIC FLIGHTS PERMITTED POSITION UPDATE WITHOUT VISUAL LANDMARKS OR RADIO BEACONS?



WHAT WAS THE APPROXIMATE POSITION SHIFT PER FLYING HOUR OF EARLY INSTALLATIONS OF INS?



LIST THE 4 OBJECTIVES FOR AIR NAVIGATION!
         


LIST 3 ELEMENTS FOR FINDING THE WAY


LIST 4 GROUPS OF NAVIGATION SOURCES AND DEVICES WHICH WERE USED FOR CONVENTIONAL AIR NAVIGATION TO DETERMINE ACTUAL POSITION!


LIST 4 GROUPS OF NAVIGATION SOURCES AND DEVICES WHICH WERE USED FOR CONVENTIONAL AIR NAVIGATION TO PROCEED ON DESIRED TRACK!
         


LIST 4 GROUPS OF NAVIGATION SOURCES AND DEVICES WHICH WERE USED FOR CONVENTIONAL AIR NAVIGATION TO UPDATE ACTUAL POSITION!

LIST THE RADIO NAVIGATION AIDS WHICH WERE THE PREREQUISITES FOR MODERN AIR NAVIGATION


WHICH INSTRUMENTS WERE USED UNTIL THE SIXTIES ON TRANSOCEANIC FLIGHT FOR DEAD RECKOGNING NAVIGATION?
         


LIST 3 MAIN ELEMENTS FOR COMMUNICATION AND SURVEILLANCE WHICH BECAME THE BASIC ELEMENTS OF A MODERN AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEM!


WHICH AVIONIC DEVICE WAS USED BY COMMERCIAL FLIGHTS IN THE SEVENTIES AND EIGHTIES FOR PRECISE DEAD-RECKONING ON TRANSOCEANIC ROUTES?



WHICH ARE THE MODERN NAVIGATION SYSTEMS?
         



WHICH ARE THE FUTURE NAVIGATION SYSTEMS?



WHICH GROUND BASED NAVIGATION AIDS ARE USED FOR CONVENTIONAL EN-ROUTE NAVIGATION?
CONVENTIONAL NAV - EN-ROUTE

WHICH AIRCRAFT AVIONIC INSTRUMENTS ARE USED BY THE PILOT TO FOLLOW THESE ATS ROUTES?
         


WHAT ARE THE MAIN DISADVANTAGES IN RESPECT TO NAVIGATION ACCURACY WHEN NAVIGATIN ALONG CONVENTIONAL ATS ROUTES DEFINED BY VOR OR DME?


WHAT IS THE MAIN DISADVANTAGE REGARDING CONVENTIONAL NAVIGATION ATS ROUTE DESIGN?
CONVENTIONAL NAV - EN-ROUTE


WHAT ARE THE MAIN DISADVANTAGES FOR ATC?
         
AREA NAV - EN ROUTE

WHAT IS THE MAIN ADVANTAGE REGARDING ATS ROUTE DESIGN?
AREA NAV - EN ROUTE

WHAT ARE THE MAIN ADVANTAGES FOR ATC?


WHICH RADIO NAVIGATION AIDS ARE USED FOR CONVENTIONAL NAVIGATION FOR APPROACH?
         
CONVENTIONAL NAV - APPROACH

WHICH AC AVIONIC INSTRUMENTS ARE USED BY THE PILOT TO FLY THESE ROUTES AND THE APPROACH?
CONVENTIONAL NAV - APPROACH

WHAT ARE THE MAIN DISADVANTAGES FOR PILOT NAVIGATION?
CONVENTIONAL NAV - APPROACH

WHAT ARE THE MAIN DISADVANTAGES FOR ATC?
         
AREA NAVIGATION - APPROACH (RNAV)

WHAT ARE THE MAIN ADVANTAGES FOR PILOT NAVIGATION?
AREA NAVIGATION - APPROACH (RNAV)

WHAT ARE THE MAIN ADVANTAGES FOR ATC?
WHAT IS THE DEFINITION OF RNAV?
         



HOW CAN YOU DESCRIBE THE GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION OF A WAYPOINT?



HOW CAN YOU DESCRIBE THE GEOGRAPHICAL POSITION OF AN AIRCRAFT IN FLIGHT?

WHICH AREA NAVIGATION AVIONIG SYSTEMS PROVIDE CONTINUOUS LATITUDE AND LONGITUDE DETERMINATION?
         

WHAT ARE FLY-BY WAYPOINTS?



WHAT ARE FLY-OVER WAYPOINTS?
RNAV

WHAT GROUND BASED NAVAIDS DO EXIST?

1
         
RNAV

WHAT GROUND BASED NAVAIDS DO EXIST?

2




WHAT IS DEAD RECKINING?



WHICH PROBLEMS DO EXIST WITH NAVIGATION BASED ON LAT./LONG. IN RNAV?
         


WHICH TERM IS DEFINED AS A GEOCENTRIC GLOBAL LAT/LONG SYSTEM USING A WORLD-WIDE GEO-DATA BASE PROVIDING A UNIFIED REFERENCE DATURM?



WHAT IS THE CYCLE OF THE NAVIGATIONAL DATA UPDATE AND HOW IT IS KNOWN?



HOW MUCH IS THE POSITION ERROR OF VOR/DME AND DME/DME?
         


WAYPOINTS USED FOR VOR/DME RNAV ARE DEFINED BY LATITUDE/LONGITUDE ONLY.

TRUE OR FALSE?



WAYPOINTS FOR AREA NAVIGATION (RNAV) CAN BE DEFINED IN TERMS OF...
WITH AN AERLY GENERAL AVIATION RNAV SYSTEM (TRACK LINE COMPUTER COMBINED WITH A VOR/DME RECEIVER), THE PILOT IS ABLE TO PROCEED FROM ACTUAL POSITION DIRECT TO A WAYPOINT DEFINED BY RADIAL AND DISTANCE FROM ANY VOR/DME IN EUROPE.
TRUE OR FALS?
         

WITH AN RNAV SYSTEM USING WAYPOINTS DEFINED BY LATITUDE/LONGITUDE, THE PILOT IS ABLE TO PROCEED FROM ACTUAL POSITION DIRECT TO A WAYPOINT DEFINED BY LATITUDE/LONGITUDE ANYWHERE IN EUROPE.

TRUE OR FALSE?



HOW DOES AN RNAV (GPS) TRANSITION IN A TMA AFFECT PILOTS NAVIGATION?



HOW DOES AN RNAV (GPS) TRANSITION IN A TMA AFFECT CONTROLLERS DUTIES?
         




AREA NAVIGATION ATS ROLUTES ARE NORMALLY DESIGNED AS BI-DIRECTIONAL ROUTE.

TRUE OR FALSE?



EXPLAIN HOW AN INS CAN CALCULATE AND DISPLAY THE ACTUAL POISTION!


THE IRS IS TERMED STRAP-DOWN SYSTEM SINCE ITS ACCELERATION SENSORS ARE DIRECTLY MOUNTED TO THE AIRFRAME.

TRUE OR FALSE?
         
WHICH STATEMENT REGARDING INS AND IRS IS CORRECT?
a) The IRS has a gyroscope stabilised platform
b) The INS has less movable parts
c) Accelerometers in an IRS measure acceleration in 2 directions
d) After airborne, position update can be done automatically



AFTER SYSTEM START, THE INS OR IRS HAS TO BE SET TO ......MODE.

THIS PROCESS LASTS MINIMUM ....MINUTES


ALL INFO USED BY THE SYSTEM DURING ALING MODE HAVE TO BE ENTERED MANUALLY BY THE PILOT.

TRUE OR FALSE?
         

WHEN A NAVIGATION COMPUTER CALCULATES A TRACK BETWEEN 2 WAYPOINTS DEFINED BY LAT/LONG, THE RESULT IS BASED ON MAGNETIC NORT.

TRUE OR FALSE?



WHAT DOES GNSS STAND FOR?


LIST THE 3 MAIN GNSS IN USE TODAY OR PLANNED TO BE OPERATIONAL IN THE NEXT FEW YEARS!
         


WHAT IS THE NAME OF THE GNSS WHICH WAS CONTINUOUSLY FULLY OPERATING UNTIL TODAY, AND IN WHICH DECADE DID IT START OPERATE?




WHAT IS THE NAME OF THE FUTURE EUROPEAN GNSS?



AIR NAVIGATION IS NORMALLY BASED ON (TRUE? / MAGNETIC?) TRACKS.
         



A WORLD MAGNETIC MODEL IN THE NAVIGATION COMPUTER PROVIDES DEVIATION DATA FRO EVERY POINT ON THE GLOBE.

TRUE OR FALSE?


WHAT DOES IRS MEAN?



WHAT KIND OF GYROS DOES AN IRS USE?
         



WHAT IS AN IRU?
AN IRU IN AN IRS CALCULATES POSTION, ATTITUDE, TRUE TRACK AND GROUND SPEED.

WHAT ADDITIONAL SENSROS ARE NEEDED IN AN IRS TO CALCULATE TRUE AIRSPEED, ALTITUDE AND WIND SPEED AND DIRECTION?




LIST THE 3 MAIN SEGMENTS OF NAVSTAR GPS!
         
DESCRIBE THE SPACE SEGMENT OF GPS:

MINIMUM REQUIRED NUMBER OF SATELLITES?
NUMBER OF ORBITS?
INCLINATION OF ORBIT PLANES?
ARE THE SATELLITES GEOSTATIONARRY?
WHAT IS THE ALTITUDE OF THE SATELLITES



WHIT WHAT ARE THE SATELLITES EQUIPPED?



LIST THE 3 SIGNALS BROADCASTET BY GPS?
         


GPS RECEIVERS USED FOR AVIATION CAN DISPLAY TRUE TRACK INFO ONLY.

TRUE OR FALSE?

A SINGLE MONITOR AND CONROL STATION IN HAWAI MAINTAINS THE SATELLITES IN THEIR PROPER ORBITS THROUGH OCCASIONAL COMMAND MANOEUVRES.

TRUE OR FALSE?


GPS RECEIVERS USED FOR AVIATION CAN DISPLAY TRACKS AND DISTANCE TO WAYPOINTS.

TRUE OR FALSE?
         


HOW MANY SATTELITES ARE NEEDED TO DETERMINE A 3D POSITION?


SATELLITE GEMOETRY HAS NO INFLUENCE ON ACCURACY OF POSITION DETERMINATION.

TRUE OR FALSE?
RUNTIME OF SATELLITE SINGALS HAS TO BE MEASURED VERY PRECISELY. A DIFFERENCE OF 1/100 SECOND EQUALS TO A GPS POSITION ERROR OF

a) 3000 metres
b) 30 kilometres
c) 3000 kilometres
         



WHAT KIND OF POSITON ERROR DOES WRONG SATELLITE GEOMETRY CAUSE?


HOW CAN SATTELITE BE SHIFTED AND PRODUCE POSITION ERRORS?


HOW GOOD IS GPS ACCURACY AND HOW MUCH DO ATMOSPHERIC EFFECTS CHANGE IT?
         


GPS PROVIDE TWO-WAY COMMUNICATION BETWEEN SATELLITES AND GPS RECEIVERS.

TRUE OR FALSE?
TRUE OR FALSE

-GPS SATELLITES WORK AS TRANSPONDERS.
-GPS RECEIVERS WORK AS TRANSPONDERS.
-GPS RECEIVER CALCULATES CONTINUOUSLY THE USERS 3 DIMENTIONAL POSITION AN TIME.



LIST THE 5 CAUSES FOR GPS POSITION ERRORS WHICH CAN BE CORRECTED BY A SPACE BASED OR BY A GROUND BASED AUGMENTATION SYSTEM.
         


THE GPS RECEIVER CONTAINS AN INTERNAL DATABASE. IT IS UPDATED EVERY ....


EXPLAIN HOW ATMOSPHERIC EFFECT CAUSE GPS POSITON ERRORS!
LIST THE 3 MAIN CLASSES OF AUGMENTATION SYSTEMS, GENERALLY NAMED BASED ON HOW THE GNSS SENSOR RECEIVES THE EXTERNAL INFORMATION.

ABBR. AND FULL NAME
         


WHAT DOES AUGMENTATION MEAN?




LIST THE 3 METHODS OF APPLICATION OF ABAS!




WHAT DOES INTEGRATED NAVIGATION DO?
         

WHAT DOES RAIM DO?
TO CALCULATE BASIC POSITION, THE GNSS RECEIVER NEEDS .... MEASUREMENTS. TO DETECT A FAULT, RAIM NEEDS A MINIMUM OF ... MEASUREMENTS AND TO ISOLATE AND EXCLUDE A FAULT, A MINIMUM OF ... MEASUREMENTS ARE REQUIRED.



WHAT IS IMPORTANT WHEN USING GNSS AS PRIMARY NAVIGATION SOURCE REGARDING RAIM PREDICTION?
         



RAIM QUALITY IS DEPENDING ON THE NUMBER OF SATELLITES ONLY.

TRUE OR FALSE?



RAIM PERFORMANCE IS IMPROVED BY A BAROMETRIC INPUT.

TRUE OR FALSE?




WHAT IS WHEN RAIM IS NOT AVAILABLE FOR THE PLANNED APPROACH TIME?
         




WHERE CAN THE PILOT CHECK THE PRAIM BEFORE FLIGHT?




RAIM IS MANDATORY FEATURE FOR ALL AVIATON-GRADE RECEIVERS.

TRUE OR FALSE




IS IT POSSIBLE TO CHECK THE PREDICTIVE RAIM IN AN APPROACH CERTIFIED GPS RECEIVER DURING THE FLIGHT?
         




EXPLAIN THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN RAIM AND FED!




HOW DOES GBAS FUNCTION?




WHAT ARE THE APPLICATIONS OF GBAS
         



LIST THE ABBREVIATION OF THE 3 MAIN SATELLITE BASED AUGMENTATION SYSTEMS IN THE USA, EUROP AND JAPAN/AUSTRALIA!




LIST THE 3 METHODS OF APPLICATION OF ABAS!




WHAT KIND OF SATELLITES ARE USED BY A SBAS TO BROADCAST AUGMENTATION INFO TO THE GNSS RECEIVERS?


         




WHAT IS WAAS AND HOW DOES IT WORK?




SBAS CAN IMPROVE THE ACCURACY OF GPS POSITION FROM ABOUT 10 METRES TO LESS TAHN 3 METRES.

TRUE OR FALSE?




WHAT DOES EGNOS MEAN AND HOW IT WORKS?
         



EGNOS PROVIDES POSITION INFO FOR GNSS RECEIVERS INDEPENDENT FROM GPS.

TRUE OR FALSE



EXPLAIN IN YOUR OWN WORDS HOW A SBAS WORKS?




WHATS THE NAME OF THE SECOND GENERATION OF SATELLITE NAVIGATION SYSTEM?
         




WHAT WILL THE SECOND GENERATION USE FOR BETTER ACCURACY?



WHATS DIFFERENT WITH GPS 2?





WHATS DIFFERENT WITH GALILEO?
         
ARE THE FOLLOWING STATMENTS REGARDING GNSS-2 TRUE OR FALSE?

GPS 2 AND GALILEO SYSTEMS WILL BE COMPATIBLE AND INTEROPERABLE?

TO ACHIEVE A POSITION ACCURACY OF 1 M, AN ADDITIONAL AUGMENTATION SYSTEM (SBAS OR GBAS) WILL BE REQUIRED.

EVEN IN BUILDINGS, SIGNAL COVERAGE WILL BE PROVIDED



TO BE CERTIFIED FOR SAFETY-OF-LIFE APPLICATIONS, WHICH ADDITIONAL INFO SHALL BE BROADCAST BY GALILEO SATELLITE?



GALILEO WILL PROVIDE TWO-WAY DATA COMMUNICATION FOR SEARCH AND RESCUE.

TRUE OR FALSE?
         
GALILEO SENSOR STATIONS (GSS) DISTRIBUTED AROUND THE GLOBE WILL SENSE THE QUALITY OF THE SATELLITE NAVIGATION SIGNAL. SIGNAL CORRECTION DATA WILL BE BROADCASTED BY GEOSTATIONARY COMMUNICATION SATELLITES.

TRUE OR FALSE?



2 SATELLITES HAVE BEEN LAUNCHED 2005 AND 2008 TO TEST TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTION OF THE FUTURE GALILEO SATELLITES. WHAT IS THE NAME OF THESE SATELLITES?




WHAT ARE THE SYSTEM ADVANTAGES OF GNSS-2 SYSTEMS?
         




WILL THE AUGMENTATION SYSTEMS LIKE WAAS, LAAS AND EGNOS BE COMPATIBLE WITH GNSS-2?



ALL AVIATION-GRADE GPS RECEIVERS CONTAIN A NAVIGATION COMPUTER AND A NAVIGATION DATABASE.

TRUE OR FALSE?




ALL AVIATION-GRADE GPS RECEIVERS ARE EQUIPPED WITH A MOVING MAP DISPLAY.

TRUE OR FALSE?
         




LIST THE 4 SOURCES FOR POSITION AND TRACKING INFORMATION USED BY THE NAVIGATION SOFTWARE OF A FMS?


LIST THE 4 PERFORMANCE STANDARDS A NAVIGATION COMPUTER USED FOR PRIMARY NAVIGATION HAS TO COMPLY WITH.




WAHT IS ARINC 424?
         



LIST THE 5 FUNCTIONALITIES A FLIGHT NAVIGATION COMPUTER HAS TO DEMONSTRATE FOR ACTUAL AND FUTURE FLIGHT PROCEDURE APPLICATIONS (EN-ROUTE, SID, STAR, APCH)



DESCRIBE THE DIFFERENCE IN TURN PERFORMANCE FOR

TF (track to fix with turn anticipation)

RF (radius to fix)




LIST 2 FLIGHT PROCEDURE APPLICATIONS USING 3D NAVIGATION TRAJECTORIES!
         




LIST THE 2 FLIGHT PROCEDURE APPLICATIONS USING 4D NAVIGATION TRAJECTORIES!




WHAT DOES FANS MEAN IN FULL WORDS?




WHICH INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATION FOUNDED THE FANS COMMITEE IN 1983
         




LIST THE 4 COLUMNS OF THE FANS AIRSPACE CONCEPT





WHAT DOES RNP MEAN IN FULL WORDS




GIVE A SHORT EXPLANATION FOR THE TERM RNP TYPE!
         




GIVE A SHORT EXPLANATION FOR THE TERM RNP 5

AN AIRCRAFT WAS EQUIPPED WITH A BASIC VOR/DME RNAV EQUIPMENT ONLY. HAS A B-RNAV AIRWOTHINESS APPROVAL BEEN POSSIBLE?

WHAT WAS THE MINIMUM REQUIREMENT REGARDING WAYPOINT STORAGE?



B-RNAV WITH RNP-5 BECAME A WOLDWIDE STANDART FOR GPS EN-ROUTE NAVIGATION.

TRUE OR FALSE
         




THERE WAS NO SPECIAL OPERATORS APPROVAL REQUIRED IF AN AIRCRAFT IS CERTIFIED FOR B-RNAV ONYL.

TRUE OR FALSE?




HAS THE AC TO HAVE AN AIRWORTHINESS APPROVAL?




IS A NAVIGATION DATABASE MANDATORY FOR B-RNAV?
         
ARE THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS ABOUT B-RNAV TRUE OR FLASE?

FOR AN IFR FLIGHT FROM ZURICH TO GENEVA AT FL 90, B-RNAV WAS NOT MANDATORY.

B-RNAV ROUTES WERE NORMALLY DESIGNED AS UNI-DIRECTIONAL ROUTES.

ALL B-RNAV APPROVED AC HAD TO HAVE A GNSS RECIEVER.
ARE THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS ABOUT B-RNAV TRUE OR FLASE?

A WAYPOINT DATABASE WAS NOT MANDATORY FOR B-RNAV APPROVAL.

B-RNAV WAS ONLY REQUIRED FOR IFR FLIGHT IN ECAC AIRSPACE ABOVE FL 145



WHAT IS PBN?
         


P-RNAV ALLOWED TERMINAL AIRSPACE RNAV OPERATIONS THAT WERE CONSISTEN IN THE VARIOUS ECAC STATES, BASED ON A COMMON SET OF DESIGN AND OPERATION PRINCIPLES.

TRUE OR FALSE?



THERE WAS NO SPECIAL OPERATORS APPROVAL REQUIRED IF AN AIRCRAFT WAS CERTIFIED FOR P-RNAV.

TRUE OR FALSE?


WAYPOINTS OF A P-RNAV STAR COULD BE CHANGED BY THE PILOT ACCORDING ACUTAL WEATHER CONDITIONS (THUNDERSTORM AVOIDANCE).

TRUE OR FALSE?
         



WHICH REQUIRED NAVIGAITON PERFORMANCE (RNP-?) WAS REQUIRED TO FLY P-RNAV IN ECAC AIRSPACE?



P-RNAV APPROVAL WAS REQUIRED FOR ALL IFR FLIGHTS IN ECAC AIRSPACE BELOW FL 145.

TRUE OR FALSE?




SPECIAL FLIGHT CREW TRAINING WAS REQUIRED FOR P-RNAV OPERATIOIN.

TRUE OR FALSE?
         



A NEW ICAO MANUAL (INTRODUCED 2009) DEFINES ON A GLOBAL BASIS THE CONCEPT OF HARMONIZE THE USE OF RNP AND RNAV FUNCTIONALITY AND TO IDENTIFY THE OPERATIONAL REQUIREMENTS. WHAT IS THE NAME OF THE CONCEPT?
THE FORMER RNP REQUIREMENTS WERE BASED ON STATEMENTS OR REQUIRED PERFORMANCE ACCURACY ONLY.
THE NEW PBN MANUAL CONTAINS ADDITIONAL STATEMENTS IN TERMS OF
....
....
....
....
TOGETHER WITH DESSCRIPTIONS ABOUT REQUIREMENTS FOR ... AND ...
WHICH NAVIGATION SPECIFICATION INCLUDES THE REQUIREMENT PERFORMANCE MONITORING AND ALERTING?

a) RNAV
b) RNP
         



WHATS THE DEFINITION OF RNAV - AREA NAVIGATION?



WHATS THE DEFINITION OF PBN?



WHAT IS THE DEFINITION OF RNP?
         




WHAT IS THE DEFINITION OF RNAV SPECIFICATION?



LIST THE 3 MAIN COMPONENTS WHICH BUILD TOGETHER THE PBN CONCEPT?
WHICH NAVAIDS WILL BE DECOMMISSIONED IN THE NEXT DECADE?

WHICH TERRESTRIAL NAVAIDS WILL REMAIN AS BACKUP FOR EN-ROUTE NAVIGATION?

WHICH TERRESTRIAL NAVAIDS REMAIN AS PRIMARY AND BACKUP APPROACH NAVIGATION SYSTEMS?
         



DURING THE TRANSITION PHASE OF INTRODUCING THE PBN CONCEPT, IT IS RECOGNISED AT EUROPEAN LEVEL THAT B-RNAV IS EQUIVALENT TO....
AND P-RNAV IS EQUIVALENT TO...


THE PBN CONCEPT HARMONISES THE USE OF RNP AND RNAV FUNCTIONALITY ON GLOBAL BASIS AND SPECIFIES THE TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS FOR GNSS NAVIGATION.

TRUE OR FALSE?
NAVIGATION SPECIFICATION DETAILS THE AIRCRAFT REQUIREMENTS (PERFORMANCE, FUNCTIONALITY, NAVIGATION SENSORS) TO SUPPORT THE REQUIRED PBN OPERATIONS. CREW REQUIREMENTS HAVE TO BE DEIFNED BY THE APPROPRIATE LICESING AUTHORITY.

TRUE OR FALSE?
         



NAVIGATION APPLICATION AFTER THE YEAR 2020 INCLUDE CAT 2 AND CAT 3 APPROACHES USING .... / ..... OR .....
ARE THE FOLLOWING STATMENTS TRUE OR FALSE?

B-RNAV WILL REMAIN THE MAIN EN ROUTE NAVIGATION APPLICATION.

LOWER APPROACH MINIMA THAN CAT 1 WILL NOT BE POSSIBLE USING SATELLITE NAVIGAITON ONLY.

FOR REMOTE AIRPORTS, ONLY NON-PRECISION APPROACHES (LNAV ONLY) WILL BE POSSIBLE.



LIST THE 4 ELEMENTS DEFINED IN THE NAVIGATION SPECIFICATION FOR CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONAL APPROVAL ACCORDING PBN CONCEPT.
         



DOES RNAV 5 (B-RNAV) AND RNAV 1 (P-RNAV) PROVIDE VERTICAL GUIDANCE?




IS A RNAV 5 (B-RNAV) CERTIFIED AIRCRAFT PERMITTET TO OPERATE IN A TMA BELOW MSA/MVA?



IS A RNAV 1 (P-RNAV) CERTIFIED AIRCRAFT PERMITTED TO OPERATE IN A TMA BELOW MSA/MVA?
         




WHAT IS CHIPS?



IF DUAL FMS IS INSTALLED IN AN AIRCRAFT, BOTH SYSTEMS HAVE TO BE FED INDIVIDUALLY WITH DATA.

TRUE OR FALSE?


IF SYSTEM INTERFACE IS INSTALLED, THE MULTIFUNCTION CONTROL DISPLAY UNIT (MCDU) OF AN FMS CAN ALSO BE USED AS CONTROL DISPLAY UNIT FOR A COMMUNICATON SYSTEM.

WHAT IS THE NAME OF THIS SYSTEM?
         
THE FMS (FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM)
a) IS EQUIPPED WITH AN UPDATABLE NAVIGATION DATABASE
b) COMBINES STORED DATA AND AC SENSOR DATA TO ASSIST THE CREW IN NAVIGATION, FLIGHT PLANNING AND AC CONTROL
c) CALCULATES FUEL AND ENDURANCE
d) CALCULATES SPEED AND POWER SETTING FOR OPTIMUM OPERATION
e) GIVES STEERING COMMANDS TO THE AFS
f) IS AVAILABLE FOR MOST COMMERCIAL AND BUSINESS AIRCRAFT
h) ALL OF THE ABOVE



LIST THE MOST IMPORTANT DATA PILOTS HAVE TO ENTER TO PREPARE THE FMS BEFORE FLIGHT.



WHEN ENTERING THE COST INDEX (WEIGHTING BETWEEN SPEED AND FUEL EFFICIENCY), THE FMS CALCULATES THE .... SPEEDS FOR CLIMB, CRUISE AND DESCENT.
         



THESE SPEEDS ACCORDING COMPANY COST INDEX MAY NOT BE OVERRULED IF ATC REQUESTS OTHER SPEEDS.

TRUE OR FALSE?



WHEN AN AC IS CLIMBING WITH SPEED AND POWER SETTING CALCULATED BY THE FMS ACCORDING THE COST INDEX, THE RESULTING CLIMB PROFILE IS CALLED A .... CLIMB.



THE FMS WAS INTRODUCED IN 1991 AND BECAME A STANDARD EQUIPMENT ON COMMERCIAL AC SINCE?

TRUE OR FALSE?
         



LIST 3 MAIN GROUPS OF DATA STORED IN, OR ENTERED INTO, THE FLIGHT MANAGEMENT COMPUTER.



DESCRIBE HOW THESE 3 GROUPS OF DATA ARE ENTERED INTO THE FMC!



BY OPERATING ACCORDING OPTIMUM PARAMETER, THE FMS DELIVERS MEASURABLE SAVINGS IN FUEL CONSUMPTION OF ABOUT ..... %
         




WHAT DOES A BASIC HUD IN A COMMERCIAL AC DISPLAY?



LIST THE ADDITIONAL INFO DISPLAYED IN A SVS COMPARED TO THE BASIC INFO DISPLAY IN A HUD!
WHICH SYSTEM MAY BE USED TO CONTINUE APPROACH BELOW DH OR MDA, PROVIDED VISUAL REFERENCES ARE DISPLAYED AND INDENTIFIABLE ON THE DISPLAY?

WHAT IS THE LOWEST HIGHT ABOVE THRESHOLD TO USE THIS SYSTEM DISPLAY AS VISUAL REFERENCE?
         



WHAT IS THE FULL NAME AND THE DEFINITION FOR EFV?


ONE OF THE MOST COMMON TYPES OF ACCIDENTS IS CFIT (CONTROLLED FLIGHT INTO TERRAIN). WHICH SYSTEM HAS BEEN INVENTED IN THE LATE 1960s TO AVOID THIS TYPE OF ACCITEND?

ABBR. AND FULL NAME
THE BASIC GPWS MEASURES HEIGT ABOVE GROUND WITH THE RADIO ALTIMETER.
a) A computer calculates the trend. Flying configuration (speed, gear, flaps, power) is no factor in this calculation.
b) A second radio altimeter device looks forward to sense steep slopes ahead.
c) The flight guidance system (autopilot) takes the aircraft immediately into climb attitude.
d) It warns the captain with audio mess
         



WHAT IS THE BIG DISADVANTAGE OF A BASIC GPWS?



WHAT IS THE NAME OF THE ADVANCED SYSTEM OF GPWS?



EGPWS IS MANDATORY IN ECAC AIRSPACE FOR AIRCRAFT WITH MTOM > .... KG OR MORE THAN ..... PASSENGER SEATS
         



DOES EGPWS COMPARE THE CURRENT LOCATION OF THE AIRCRAFT WITH A WORLDWIDE DIGITAL TERRAIN DATABASE?


DOES EGPWS DISPLAY OBSTRUCTIONS TO THE AIRCRAFTS PATH ON A COLOUR CODED MAP INDICATIONG THE ELEVATION ABOVE SEA LEVEL?

WHAT IS A TAWS?
         



WHEN ANOTHER FLIGHT PATH IS PREDICTED TO PENETRATE A COLLISION AREA SURROUNDING AN AIRCRAFT, TCAS 2 CAN PROVIDE TWO TYPES OF WARNINGS:



WHAT IS THE DEFINITION OF ACAS?




WHAT DOES ACAS LEVEL 1 PROVIDE?
         




WHAT DOES ACAS LEVEL 2 PROVIDE?




WHAT DOES ACAS LEVEL 3 PROVIDE?



WHAT IS A OPU AND A COMBINER?
         



WHAT IS TCAS?



WHAT IS TCAS 1?



TCAS 2 IS MANDATORYX IN ECAC AIRSPACE FOR FIXED WING TURBINE ENGINE AC WITH MTOM > ..... KG OR MORE THAN ..... PASSENGER SEATS.
         



WHEN A PILOTS RECEIVES A RESOLUTION ADVISORY, HIS 2 MAIN ACTIONS ARE:



WHEN PILOT REPORTS MANOEUVRE INDUCED BY A RESOLUTION ADVISORY, THE CONTROLLER SHALL:


A RESOLUTION ADVISORY IS SHOWN ON THE ALTIMETER, INDICATING THE LEVEL THE PILOT HAS TO CLIMB TO OR TO DESCEND TO IN ORDER TO AVOID OTHER TRAFFIC.

TRUE OR FALSE?
         


A TRAFFIC ADVISORY IS ACCOMPANIED WITH THE AURAL WARNING ...CLIMB CLIMB...!

TRUE OR FALSE?



ALL AIRCRAFT CERTIFIED FOR RVSM OPERATION SHALL HAVE A ACAS/TCAS INSTALLED.

TRUE OR FALSE?



WHICH GROUP OF AC IS PERMITTED TO CLIMB INTO RVSM AIRSPACE WITHOUT BEING RVSM EQUIPPED?
         
TO BE CERTIFIED FOR RVSM OPERATION, AC HAVE TO BE EQUIPPED WITH
a) Head-up display, altitude pre-select, 2 independent static pressure systems
b) ACAS, automatic altitude control, static source error correction
c) FMS, altitude pre-select, static source error correction
d) transponder mode C, altitude warning system, pilots display of computed pressure altitude



LIST THE 3 SITUATIONS WHERE A CONTROLLER IN A RVSM SECTOR HAS TO BE REASY TO INCREASE VERTICAL SEPARATION TO 2000 FT!



LIST 3 REQUIREMENTS FOR A RVSM CERTIFIED AUTOPILOT!
         




WHAT DOES ACARS MEAN?



LIST THE MAIN NETWORK PROVIDERS FOR GLOBAL DATA LINK COMMUNICATION!



WHAT MESSAGES CAN BE TRANSMITTED MANUALLY BY ACARS?
         



WHICH IS THE PILOTS INTERFACE TO ENTER ACARS DATA IN A MODERN TRANSPORT CATEGORY AIRCRAFT?



EXPLAIN HOW FLIGHT STATUS MESSAGES ARE TRANSMITTED TO COMPANY OPERATIONS OFFICE


A PILOT HAS REQUESTED AND RECEIVED HIS PRE-DEPARTURE CLEARANCE VIA ACARS. BUT AT HIGH LEVEL VRUISE, A REQUEST VIA ACARS FOR A DIRECT ROUTING TO SPR-VOR OR A LEVEL CHANGE DUE TO WEATHER IS NOT POSSIBLE. HOW DOES A PILOT REQUEST THIS CLEARANCE?
         



WHAT IS CPDLC?

WHICH SYSTEM IS DECRIBED BY THIS DEFINITION:

A SYSTEM WHICH ALLOWS INDIVIDUAL AND RELIABLE INTERROGATION OF AC IMPROVING AC SURVEILLANCE AND REPORTING ACCURACY, AND WHICH PERMITS DO DOWNLOAD A WIDE VARIETY OF AC-DERIVED DATA.



LIST 2 MAIN ATS SURVEILLANCE SYSTEMS WHICH WILL BE USED IN THE FUTURE
         




WHAT IS RADAR MODE S?




LIST 2 MAIN DISADVANTAGES OF RADAR (MODES S INCLUDED)



WHAT BASIC INFORMATION DATA ARE TRANSMITTED WITH ADS?
         



WHAT OPTIONAL INFORMATION DATA ARE TRANSMITTED WITH ADS?



LIST 2 MAIN ATS SURVEILLANCE SYSTEMS WHICH WILL BE USED IN THE FUTURE




WAHT IS ADS-C?
         

WHAT IS THE DEFINITION OF MODE-S?



WHAT IS THE DEFINITION OF ADS-B?

WHAT IS THE DEFINITION OF ADS-C?




WHAT IS CDTI



WHAT IS THE NAME OF THE FUTURE EUROPEAN ATM AIRSPACE CONCEPT?
         




WHAT IS THE NAME OF THE RESEARCH GROUP/PROJECT FOR THE FUTURE EUROPEAN ATM AIRSPEACE CONCEPT



WHAT IS THE NAME OF THE FUTURE FAA ATM AIRSPACE CONCEPT?




WHAT DOES FUNCTIONAL AIRPSACE BLOCKS (FABS) MEAN?
         



OPTIMISED ATM IN EUROPE HAS THE POTENTIAL TO REDUCE FUEL CONSUMPTION AND EMISSIONS BY ABOUT .... % PER FLIGHT




FOR THIS FUTURE EUROPEAN ATM CONCEPT, THE EUROPEAN AIRSPACE WILL BE DEVIDED INTO...


ONE KEY ELEMENT OF SESAR CONCEPT IS THE TRANSITION FROM AIRSPACE BASED OPERATION TO .......... - BASED OPERATION
         




NEW DEPARTURE AND ARRIVAL PROCEDURES AND CONCEPTS WILL INCREASE CAPACITY AND WILL SIGNIFICANTLY REDUCE



WHAT IS THE NAME OF THE APPROACH OPEREATION PROVIDING MINIMUM NOISE AND CO2 EMISSION AND BEST FUEL EFFICIENCY?
WHAT IS THE DESCRIPTION OF

FAB (functional airspace block)

CDA (continuous descent approach)

ASAS (airborne separation assistance system)

CORADA (Converging Runways and Appraoach Display aids)
         

TO MANAGE THE FUTURE TRAJECTORY BASED OPERATION, ADVANCED ARRIVAL AND DEPARTURE MANAGER TOOLS (aAMAN / aDMAN) WILL BE INTRODUCED TO PROVIDE 3D OPERATION.

TRUE OR FALSE?



WHAT IS THE NAME OF THE FUTURE SYSTEM WHICH WILL TRANSFER RESPONSIBILITY FOR SEPARATION STEP BY STEP FROM ATC TO THE FLIGHT CREW?


AN IMPORTANT ATM TOOL IS THE CONTINUOUS ONE-WAY UPLINK TO PROVIDE AC WITH ACTUAL RTA AND PLANNED TRAJECTORIES.

TRUE OR FALSE?
         
WHAT DOES RTA MEAN?

a) reported time of arrival
b) requested time of arrival
c) required time of arrival
d) restricted time of arrival
e) regional time of arrival



MODERN AND RELIABLE SATELLITE NAVIGATION AND ADVANCED SOFTWARE FOR FMS AND FLIGHT GUIDANCE SYSTEMS WILL ENABLE AIRCRAFT TO FLY ACCURATE AND WELL DEFINED 4D TRAJECTORIES.

TRUE OR FALSE?



LIST THE 3 MAIN ADVANTAGES OF 4D TRAJECTORY OPERATIONS!
         

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